SARAH SANDS -The first scres steamer to cross the Pacific from the West Coast of
                        North America to Australia.  At the time of her building the second largest iron steamer
                        after the GREAT BRITAIN.  (Ship details below.)
                            Lithograph by Samuel Walters                      National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, U.K.


SOPHIA JANE -  paddle steamer 256t 1826, Designed for the carriage
                 of passengers between England and France.  The voyage to Australia
                 was a speculation. She arrived in Sydney on the 15th May 1831. the first
                 steam vessel to arrive there.  A public company was established, the vessel
                 purchased, and a service  established between the Hunter and Sydney
                 which ran successfully for several years. 


                  Artist: Charles Dickson Gregory                                From the artist's "Australian Steamships"

ANTELOPE - iscs 778t  1845 Liverpool  (In 1852, purchased by Millers
                 & Thompson, Liverpool merchants in the Australian trade).  The vessel
                 had been built for the Brazilian trade, and the new owners had the vessel
                 lengthened and new machinery installed.  The tonnage above from the
                 Lloyds Register of 1855 would have reflected these changes. The vessel
                 made its first voyage to Australia departing in March 1853 and arrived
                 in Melbourne in August 1853 after a visiting  Adelaide.  She is next listed
                 as arriving from Sydney in February 1854  with passengers, potatoes and
                 sundries. she is listed as going on from there to Adelaide.  Acoording to
                 the Lloyds Register she remained in the Australian trade until 1858 but
                 there is no record of any further returns to Melbourne or other ports in
                 Victoria in that time.  She could well have spent the time in profitable
                 trade between other Australian ports. (The Victorian records list the
                 ANTELOPE as a steamer of 1,000 gt and 778nt.) 

                                                                                  Dickson Gregory's "Australian Steamships"

SARAH SANDS   - iscs 1,400t 1847 Liverpool  (T. & J. Sands)   The second
                largest screw steamer built after the GREAT BRITAIN.  Intended for the
                Australian trade, she was chartered on completion to the American Red
                Cross Line to open a Liverpool-New York service.  In 1849, she was sent
                around Cape Horn to the Pacific to provide a service between Panama  
                and San Francisco.  She crossed the Pacific to Sydney in 1952, and made
                another voyage to Australia from Liverpool in September 1852 returning
                to Plymouth in May 1853.  She  became troop transport in the Crimean
                war, and was converted to sail after this service.  
                                                                              R.A. Fletcher's "Steam Ships And Their Story"

                CLEOPATRA - iscs 14529gt 893nt 1852 Dumbarton (MacKean, McLarty
                & Co.)  (Vctorian shipping arrival and departure records give tonnage as
                1500gt and 893nt). On her maiden voyage to Australia, she left London
                on 7 September 1852 and arrived at Adelaide on 9 December,  Melbourne
                on 22 December and Sydney on 5 January1953.  She then appears to have
                carried passengers and cargoes between Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide
                over a period of close to six months before leaving Australia in June 1853
                to return to London. There is no record of the vessel returning to  any
                Australian ports,  for which there are published shipping arrival and
                departure records, up to and including 1860.  Cleopatra does not
                appear in the Lloyds Register until the 1855/1856 edition where she is
                recorded as under Canadian ownership and on the Liverpool-Montreal
                route.  Subsequently, under new owners she is recorded as in the London-
                West Indian trade.
                                                                                 Illustrated London News 1852

                GREAT VICTORIA (ex-JACQUARD) -   iscs 3s 2398gt 1854 Nantes.  She
                was used as a troop transport by the French Government in the Crimean
                war.  In 1863, she was acquired and lengthened by Black Ball Line for the
                Australian  trade. 
On her first voyage, she carried 629 migrants to Brisbane
                arriving in December 1865..
The Black Ball Line was facing financial
                difficulties, and the emigrant trade was in recession in the late 1860s.
                Her last sailing Liverpool -Melbourne was in July 1869.  She was sold in
                1870 and  sold again in 1874 when the vessel was converted to sail.
                                                                                   Illustrated London News 1863

                HERO - scs 985gt 1861 Kingston-upon-Hull.  In 1863, owned by James
                Baines & Joseph Greaves.  In July 1863, the vessel was dispatched to
                Melbourne for use in the Australian coastal trade under the management
                of Bright Bros. & Co. of Melbourne.  In 1865, she was chartered by the
                Queensland colonial government for a service between Brisbane and
                Batavia  to connect with the British India S.S. Company's mail steamers.
                This pioneeered a service by the British India company to Queensland via
                the Torres Straits by that company.  The vessel came under new owners
                and managers in 1878, and was purchased in 1880 by the Union Steamship
                Co. of New Zealand.  She was for a time on the New Zealand run and the
                for some years on the service to Fiji from Melbourne.  She was sold to a
                French company in Noumea in 1891where she ended her days as a hulk.   
                 Drawing by Charles Dickson Gregory                                                          

                QUEEN OF THE THAMES -  iscs 3s 2,607gt 1870 Glasgow (Deviit & Moore) 
                Wrecked  March 1871 at South Africa on her return from her first voyage
                to Australia
                                                                                             Illustrated London News 1870

                ROYAL STANDARD  - icsc 3s 2033gt 1863 Jarrow  (White Star Line).  In
                her first voyage to Australia, she reached Melbourne in February 1864.
                She hit an iceberg on her return journey around Cape Horn and had to
                limp into Rio de Janeiro for repairs.  It was a time when the emigrant trade
                to Australia was in recession. The vessel was sold in 1867 and converted to
                sail.  She was wrecked on the coast of Brazil in 1869.
                After conversion to sail.                                                                    State Library of Victoria




                1.  John M. Maber’s “North Star to Southern Cross” (T. Stephrnson &
                     Sons Ltd., Prescot, Lancs 1967);
                2.  Dickson Gregory's "Australian Steamships Past and Present"
                     (The Richard Press Ltd., London 1928),
                3. R.A. Fletcher’s “Steam-Ships and Their Story" (Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd.,
                      London 1910);

                4. Marten Symes' "Shipping Arrivals & Departures, Victorian Ports 1846-55" 
                     and for  "1856-1860";
Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping.