(ES) SOME EARLY AUXILIARY STEAMERS
SARAH SANDS -The first scres steamer to cross the Pacific from
the West Coast of
North America to Australia. At the time of her
building the second largest iron steamer
after the GREAT BRITAIN. (Ship details below.)
Lithograph by Samuel Walters
Museum, Greenwich, U.K.
SOPHIA JANE - paddle
steamer 256t 1826, Designed for the carriage
between England and France. The voyage to Australia
speculation. She arrived in Sydney on the 15th May 1831.
vessel to arrive
there. A public company was established, the vessel
purchased, and a service established between the Hunter and
for several years.
Charles Dickson Gregory
From the artist's "Australian Steamships"
778t 1845 Liverpool (In 1852, purchased by Millers
Liverpool merchants in the Australian trade). The vessel
built for the Brazilian trade, and the new owners had the vessel
new machinery installed. The tonnage above from the
of 1855 would have reflected these changes. The vessel
voyage to Australia departing in March 1853 and arrived
Melbourne in August 1853 after a visiting Adelaide. She is
arriving from Sydney in February 1854 with passengers, potatoes
is listed as going on from there to Adelaide. Acoording to
Register she remained in the Australian trade until 1858 but
record of any further returns to Melbourne or other ports in
that time. She could well have spent the time in profitable
other Australian ports. (The Victorian records list the
steamer of 1,000 gt and 778nt.)
1,400t 1847 Liverpool
& J. Sands)
steamer built after the GREAT BRITAIN. Intended for the
trade, she was chartered on completion to the American Red
to open a Liverpool-New York service. In 1849, she was sent
Horn to the Pacific to provide a service between Panama
Francisco. She crossed the Pacific to Sydney in 1952, and made
voyage to Australia from Liverpool in September 1852 returning
to Plymouth in
May 1853. She became troop transport in the Crimean
war, and was
converted to sail after this service.
Fletcher's "Steam Ships And Their Story"
CLEOPATRA - iscs 14529gt 893nt
1852 Dumbarton (MacKean,
Co.) (Vctorian shipping arrival and departure
records give tonnage as
893nt). On her maiden
voyage to Australia, she left London
1852 and arrived
at Adelaide on 9 December, Melbourne
December and Sydney on
5 January1953. She
then appears to have
passengers and cargoes between Sydney,
period of close to six months before leaving Australia
in June 1853
London. There is no record of the vessel returning to any
ports, for which there are published shipping arrival and
records, up to and including 1860. Cleopatra does not
the Lloyds Register until the 1855/1856 edition where she is
Canadian ownership and on the Liverpool-Montreal
Subsequently, under new owners she is recorded as in the London-
Illustrated London News 1852
GREAT VICTORIA (ex-JACQUARD) -
iscs 3s 2398gt 1854
was used as a
troop transport by the French Government in the Crimean
1863, she was acquired and
lengthened by Black
Ball Line for the
Australian trade. On
her first voyage, she carried 629 migrants to Brisbane
The Black Ball Line
was facing financial
and the emigrant trade was in recession in the late 1860s.
sailing Liverpool -Melbourne was in July 1869. She was sold in
sold again in 1874 when the vessel was converted to sail.
Illustrated London News 1863
HERO - scs
1861 Kingston-upon-Hull. In 1863, owned by James
Greaves. In July 1863, the vessel was dispatched to
use in the
Australian coastal trade under the management
of Bright Bros.
In 1865, she was chartered by the
colonial government for a service between Brisbane and
to connect with the British India S.S. Company's mail steamers.
a service by the British India company to Queensland via
Straits by that company. The vessel came under new owners
and managers in
1878, and was purchased
in 1880 by the Union Steamship
Co. of New
Zealand. She was for a time on
the New Zealand run and the
for some years
on the service to Fiji from Melbourne.
She was sold to a
in Noumea in 1891where she ended her days as a hulk.
QUEEN OF THE THAMES - iscs 3s 2,607gt 1870
Glasgow (Deviit &
March 1871 at South Africa on her return from her first
London News 1870
- icsc 3s 2033gt 1863 Jarrow (White Star Line). In
voyage to Australia, she reached Melbourne in February 1864.
She hit an
iceberg on her return journey around Cape Horn and had to
limp into Rio
de Janeiro for repairs. It was a time
when the emigrant trade
was in recession. The vessel was sold
in 1867 and converted
was wrecked on the coast of Brazil in 1869.
conversion to sail.
State Library of Victoria
1. John M. Maber’s “North
Star to Southern Cross” (T. Stephrnson &
Sons Ltd., Prescot, Lancs 1967);
Dickson Gregory's "Australian
Steamships Past and Present"
Richard Press Ltd., London 1928),
“Steam-Ships and Their Story"
"Shipping Arrivals & Departures, Victorian Ports 1846-55"
and for "1856-1860";
5. Lloyds Register of British and